The Hazards of Being Human Behind the Wheel

Car accidents are practically a fact of life. There’s almost a day that doesn’t go by where we don’t see some sort of car accident or even hear about someone dying in one on the news. It’s an unfortunate reality that we find ourselves in but the alternative, not having a vehicle, is almost an impossibility. This is what makes the Vacaville auto accident chiropractor so fundamentally important in our city. In order to work where we want to work or live in a neighborhood that doesn’t have to rely on public transportation or be close to where we work in order to get there, we need a car which means that we are putting ourselves in danger every single day. Read more

High ‘Resting’ Heart Rate and Odds of Early Death

A rapid “resting” heartbeat might mean you have a higher risk of dying early, researchers suggest.

“Higher resting heart rate is an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular death,” said lead researcher Dr. Dongfeng Zhang, of the department of epidemiology at the Medical College of Qingdao University in Shandong, China.

Your resting heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats a minute. When you’re seated or lying down and relaxed, a normal heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats a minute, according to the American Heart Association.

Zhang’s team analyzed 46 studies involving more than 2 million patients in all. Compared to people with the lowest resting heart rate, those with a resting heart rate of more than 80 beats a minute had a 45 percent greater risk of death from any cause, while people with a resting heart rate of 60 to 80 beats a minute had a 21 percent greater risk, they found.

However, Zhang said the absolute risk is small — that is, the odds of any one person dying from a rapid resting heart rate are low, he said. Also, the study doesn’t prove that heart rate actually caused

Chronic Fatigue Therapies Provide Some With Relief

For some people with chronic fatigue syndrome, two types of treatment can provide long-term benefits, new research suggests.

Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by extreme, debilitating fatigue that doesn’t go away with rest, and lasts for six months or more, hindering normal, everyday activity. There is no cure.

After evaluating four potential treatments for the mysterious condition, British researchers concluded that a form of talk therapy, called cognitive behavioral therapy, and graded exercise therapy are among the best available treatments for extended relief.

“There is always hope for a simpler treatment in a pill, but we are not near that yet. So, at present treatments that work to rehabilitate patients toward normal activity remain the best ones,” said Dr. Michael Sharpe, a study co-author and professor of psychological medicine at the University of Oxford in England.

In 2011, after one year of study, Sharpe’s team reported positive results for cognitive behavioral therapy and graded exercise therapy. The new results — based on follow-up with three-quarters of the original 641 participants — showed those treatments still helped some people two-and-a-half years later.

The new findings were published recently in the online edition of The Lancet Psychiatry.

For the study, patients were

Ah-Choo! Sneeze Cloud Quickly Covers a Room

Just in time for cold and flu season, a new study finds the average human sneeze expels a high-velocity cloud that can contaminate a room in minutes.

Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) came to that conclusion by analyzing videos of two healthy people sneezing about 50 times over several days.

It’s well known that sneezes can spread infectious diseases such as measles or the flu, because viruses suspended in sneeze droplets can be inhaled by others or deposited on surfaces and later picked up as people touch them.

But it wasn’t clear how far sneeze droplets can spread, or why some people are more likely to spread illness through sneezes than others.

In a prior study, the team led by MIT’s Lydia Bourouiba found that within a few minutes, sneeze droplets can cover an area the size of a room and reach ventilation ducts at ceiling height.

In their latest new study, they discovered how sneeze droplets are formed within what they called a “high-propulsion sneeze cloud.” The findings are slated for presentation Monday at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society in Mobile, Ala.

“Droplets are not all already formed and neatly distributed in size

How to Determine When Drinking Has Become Problematic

When it comes to seeking help with problematic drinking, the single most difficult step in the process is accepting that you have a problem. However, it is difficult to accept that you have a problem if you do not understand exactly when drinking habits become genuinely problematic. The most experienced counsellor Canterbury has to offer can provide help and guidance in all areas of alcohol abuse, but only if you are able to recognise when the line has been crossed.

It’s a tricky subjectto say the least, as what some consider to be normal drinking habits that cause them no problems whatsoever, others would rank as extreme alcohol abuse. As such, it is up to you and you alone to determine when and where your drinking has become problematic, in order to seek the help and assistance you may require.

So in order to help draw that all important line between sensible use of alcohol and problematic drinking, the following six warning signs almost always signify that there is a problem to address.

1 – You’d Like to Cut Down, But Don’t Know How

First of all, if you genuinely like to cut down on the amount of alcohol you consume but really have no

Relieve your stress with color therapy and shopping

Kiss goodbye your stress with color therapy, get shopping and visit Last Call. You’ll find the latest high‐end designer fashions to include in your collection and go with the current trend.
Red Get the attention you need, feel empowered and go for red colored clothes. Be ready for a possible date at a healthy restaurant.
Choose a Tahari ASL Benny sleeveless jersey gown and wear with beige high heel sandals. Pick a Tularosa Clayton lace cape‐sleeveless tunic and pair with mid‐rise jeans. Or get Kay Unger baroque floral d’orsay sandals and wear with a maxi dress or long skirt. Orange Feel positive, energized and try orange colored clothes, no matter your skin tone. Get ready to hit the streets for a night of cocktails with the girlfriends.
Pick a Halston Heritage one‐shoulder animal‐print draped‐ruffle dress. Go for a Jay Godfrey strapless dress. Pick a Stella McCartney sleeveless color­block. Choose a Diane Von Furstenberg Raica Keyhole tank. Go for a Risto Doppio printed a‐line skirt.Or opt for Ivanka Trump carra suede pointed‐toe pumps. Yellow Cheer up and get inspired with yellow colored clothes. Relax and start thinking of a peaceful, laid­back place. Pick an Albert Nipon jacket and skirt set. Choose

Is It Possible to Enlarge Breasts Without Surgery

I was looking around the other day and I ran across a site which offered to sell a pill that they called miracle bust. Obviously it is supposed to make the bust of a woman grow to the size that they desire it to have. Of course they have a beautiful buxom woman in a black bra for visual reference. If you take the pills this is what you shall look like. In fact you have to be skeptical of such claims, but it is not so far fetched when you look at how there have been similar effects in a different drug. It was prescribed for mental illnesses, as an anti psychotic in fact. At the time it was sold by Johnson & Johnson, but they later sold it to some other drug company. At any rate the people who sold this drug made a lot of claims that had no merit and they ended up getting sued for millions upon millions. Read more

Health campaigns that tap teen culture curtail risky adolescent behavior

Health campaigns that target teens based their social groups and subcultures, such as hip hop, preppy or alternative, can be an effective tool in dissuading adolescents from engaging in risky behaviors such as smoking and drinking, suggests a survey of the literature and a case study.

The findings will be presented at the APHA meeting in Chicago on Nov. 3.

“In public health, we typically segment more in terms of sociodemographics like race, gender and income,” says Meghan Moran, an associate professor in the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of Health, Behavior and Society and lead author of the study. “But, we know that young people identify strongly with groups along subcultures and these groups vary on their health behavior, too. For instance, the teens we categorize as alternative, be they goth or skateboarders, are at a higher risk for alcohol use. If we develop campaigns that incorporate the style of the group, it can increase their effectiveness.”

For their study, researchers surveyed journal articles highlighting evidence related to the use of peer crowds to develop targeted health campaigns aimed at adolescents. Such campaigns can work on several levels. One, the teens identify with the individuals and the culture represented

Digestive Disorders Health Center

People recuperating from surgery are much more likely to die or develop complications if they become infected with a dangerous diarrhea-causing bacteria, a new study suggests.

Patients at VA hospitals who contracted Clostridium difficilefollowing surgery were five times more likely to die and 12 times more likely to suffer a complication of the heart, lung, kidneys or nervous system, according to findings published online Nov. 25 in the journal JAMA Surgery.

“C. difficile infection is a big hit to take for people who are already behind the eight-ball,” said Dr. Brian Zuckerbraun, a surgeon at the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System who co-wrote an accompanying editorial. “It’s just a big insult to their system, when they are vulnerable.”

C. difficile is a tough and opportunistic bacteria that can invade the intestines of people whose gut bacteria have been wiped out by heavy doses of antibiotics, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Patients with C. difficile suffer from severe diarrhea, fever, nausea and abdominal pain, the NIH says.

To see how C. difficile might affect people recovering from surgery, researchers led by Xinli Li, of the National Surgery Office of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), reviewed data from more than 468,000 surgical procedures performed

Constant Traffic Noise May Boost Depression Risk

People who live with constant road noise may face a higher risk of developing depression, researchers say.

The risk was about 25 percent higher for people living in areas with a lot of traffic, compared to those living in areas with little road noise. However, the risk was largely confined to those who were poor, unemployed, had limited education, smoked or had insomnia, the German study authors found.

“Although we can’t say for sure, it has been thought that noise causes stress and annoyance,” said lead researcher Ester Orban, of the Center for Urban Epidemiology at University Hospital Essen.

“If this noise persists over a long time and is constant and loud, it may contribute to depression,” she said.

Orban cautioned that these findings only show that road noise is associated with depression, not that it causes depression. “Road noise seems to play a role, but I wouldn’t talk about causality,” she explained.

Orban said there are some simple things people can do to reduce their exposure to traffic noise, short of moving.

“If you feel annoyed by traffic noise you can use earplugs, and if traffic noise is disturbing your sleep, choose a bedroom away from the busy road,” she suggested.

The report was published online

As HMOs Dominate, Alternatives Get Costlier

Consumers seeking health policies with the most freedom in choosing doctors and hospitals are finding far fewer of those plans offered on the insurance marketplaces next year. And the premiums are rising faster than for other types of coverage.

The plans, usually known as preferred provider organizations or PPOs, pay for a portion of the costs of out-of-network hospitals and physicians. They are the most common type offered by employers, and some consumers in the individual marketplaces find them more appealing than health maintenance organizations and other policies that pay only for medical facilities and doctors with whom they have contracts.

In Kelly Filson’s Indiana hometown of Plymouth, all but two of the 75 insurance policies available on the health marketplace are the restrictive type. Only one of those would provide substantial coverage to the two hospitals her family wants access to next year, a local community facility and a children’s hospital where her 12-year-old will need special surgery. But at $1,109 a month, the policy is twice as costly as the cheapest plans in the area.

“I’m just trying to figure out what we can feasibly afford. That’s the bottom line, said Filson, a music teacher.

A Kaiser Health News analysis

E. Coli Linked to Costco Chicken Salad Sickens 19

An E. coli outbreak that has so far sickened 19 people in seven states is linked to rotisserie chicken salad made and sold at Costco stores, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday.

Most of the illnesses have occurred in the western United States. Affected states are California, Colorado, Missouri, Montana, Utah, Washington and Virginia.

Five patients have been hospitalized and two have developed kidney failure, the CDC said. No deaths have been reported.

An investigation found that many of the patients bought or ate rotisserie chicken salad from Costco. However, the specific ingredient in the chicken salad linked to the outbreak has not been identified, the agency said.

On Nov. 20, Costco said it had removed all remaining rotisserie chicken salad from its U.S. stores and stopped making the product until further notice.

The product is labeled “Chicken Salad made with Rotisserie Chicken” and has the item number 37719 on the label.

People who bought the chicken salad at any Costco store nationwide on or before Nov. 20 should throw it away, even if some of it has been eaten and no one has become ill, the CDC said.

The investigation is continuing and the CDC, along with state and local public health

Ban Crib Bumpers Because of Rising Deaths Study

Infant deaths linked to crib bumpers have spiked in recent years in the United States, leading researchers to urge a ban on the padded bedding accessories.

Bumper-related crib deaths tripled from 2006 to 2012, compared with other seven-year stretches over the last quarter century, the study found.

“The risk for suffocation is real. The benefits are not,” said Dr. Bradley Thach, a professor emeritus of pediatrics with Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

“It’s a problem that’s been a matter of discussion for some time now,” Thach said. “The difference now is that with these findings we are trying to get the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to finally ban the use of bumpers altogether.”

The data shows they’re dangerous, Thach said. A baby’s face can get wedged against the bumper, or between the bumper and mattress, blocking the baby’s nose and mouth, he pointed out.

“The baby’s breathing can get completely blocked, or the baby ends up repeatedly breathing the same air in and out,” he said. “This continuous ‘re-breathing’ means that with every breath the air is increasingly depleted of oxygen, until eventually the baby suffocates.”

Some parents think the padding protects babies from bumping their heads against crib rails, “but

Drug Helps Those With Tough to Treat Schizophrenia

The drug clozapine reduces symptoms in schizophrenia patients who don’t benefit from other antipsychotic medications, a new study indicates.

The finding, culled from an analysis of Medicaid data on more than 6,200 patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia, was published recently in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

“These results give clinicians important guidance for how to help an extremely vulnerable group of people,” said study author Dr. T. Scott Stroup, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City and a research psychiatrist at New York State Psychiatric Institute.

“By helping individuals with treatment-resistant schizophrenia get effective treatment sooner, we can expect better outcomes,” Stroup said in a Columbia news release.

Antipsychotic drugs relieve symptoms in most people with schizophrenia, but up to 30 percent of patients do not respond well to standard treatment. Clozapine — the only drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment-resistant schizophrenia — is often considered a drug of last resort, according to the researchers.

Taking clozapine has been linked to an increased risk of agranulocytosis, a condition that can make people susceptible to infections, the researchers said. Typically, doctors use blood tests to monitor patients for this condition.

While clinical trials have indicated that clozapine

This May Not Help Prevent Repeat Miscarriage

Taking progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy may not improve the odds of motherhood for women with a history of miscarriage, a new study finds.

Researchers found that among more than 800 women with one or more unexplained miscarriages, those who received the hormone in early pregnancy were no less likely to miscarry than those who received a placebo.

The live birth rate was 65.8 percent among women taking vaginal progesterone and 63.3 percent in those taking a placebo, the researchers found.

“After more than 60 years of debate, we now know that progesterone treatment in early pregnancy isn’t the answer for women with unexplained recurrent losses,” said lead researcher Dr. Arri Coomarasamy, a professor of gynecology at the Institute of Metabolism and System Research at University of Birmingham in England.

Researchers can now direct their efforts to exploring other treatments that really can reduce the risk, he said.

Coomarasamy said the results will likely disappoint many thousands of women and couples affected by miscarriage. About 1 percent of couples have recurrent miscarriages, he noted.

“Many hoped that this research would confirm progesterone as an effective treatment that would promise an increased chance of a ‘take-home’ baby next time. Sadly, it does not,” Coomarasamy

Those in 50s Biggest Group Battling Drug Addiction

Older adults are now the largest age group seeking help in narcotic painkiller and heroin treatment programs, a study based in New York City found.

Narcotic painkillers include prescription painkillers, such as morphine, oxycodone (Oxycontin), and hydrocodone (Vicodin, Percocet). These medications are also known as opioids.

The researchers’ analysis of data revealed a “pronounced age trend in those utilizing opioid treatment programs from 1996 to 2012, with adults aged 50 and older becoming the majority treatment population,” principle investigator Dr. Benjamin Han, from New York University, said in a university news release.

People aged 50 to 59 accounted for about 8 percent of narcotic painkiller and heroin treatment patients in 1996, but they represented nearly 36 percent in 2012. The proportion of patients aged 60 to 69 also rose dramatically, from 1.5 percent to 12 percent, the study revealed.

“These increases are especially striking, considering there was about a 7.6 percent decrease in the total patient population over that period of time, and suggests that we are facing a never before seen epidemic of older adults with substance use disorders and increasing numbers of older adults in substance abuse treatment,” Han said.

The proportion of such patients aged 40 and younger fell from about 56

Alzheimer’s-Linked Brain Plaques and Blood Flow

They’ve long been associated with Alzheimer’s disease, and now new research in animals suggests that protein plaques might slow the brain’s blood flow, as well.

Buildup of the amyloid beta protein clumps could harm the brain in multiple ways, according to a team from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

“We have increasingly become aware that the disruption of blood flow in the brain can increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease,” lead researcher Dr. Erik Roberson, an associate professor of neurology, said in a university news release.

He explained that scientists have long known that protein plaques known as “vascular amyloid” can build up around blood vessels, just as they do in brain tissue.

However, “we did not fully understand its effects,” Roberson said. Now, high-tech imaging “allows us to visualize how it affects the function of those vessels,” he said.

As Roberson explained, brain cells called neurons require extra glucose — brought in by the bloodstream — for energy whenever there’s a boost in brain activity. Neurons “call” for more glucose via another cell called an astrocyte. Astrocytes have tiny projections called endfeet that attach to blood vessels and tell the vessel to expand when more blood is needed.

Roberson’s team wondered if a buildup

Weekend Childbirth Riskier, British Study Suggests

Weekdays may be the safest time to have a baby, at least in British hospitals, a new study finds.

Compared to babies born during the week, babies born on weekends are slightly more likely to die in the first week, and their mothers are more likely to develop infections, researchers found.

“More work needs to be done to better understand the causes of these differences, so that steps can be taken to improve outcomes for mothers and babies,” study lead author Dr. Paul Aylin, of Imperial College London’s School of Public Health, said in a college news release.

The study was published Nov. 24 in the journal BMJ.

In the study, Aylin’s team analyzed data from 675,000 births at English National Health Services hospitals from April 2010 through March 2012. They found that 4,500 of the babies died within seven days of birth.

The death rate among babies born on weekends was 7.1 per 1,000, compared with 6.5 per 1,000 for those born on a weekday, the Imperial College London researchers reported.

If the risk of death related to weekend births was the same as for babies born on weekdays, there would be 770 fewer newborn deaths across England every year, the study authors estimated.

And if

Could PMS Raise Women’s High Blood Pressure Risk

Millions of women suffer through premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and now new research suggests that those with moderate-to-severe PMS may be at heightened risk for high blood pressure later in life.

While the study couldn’t prove cause-and-effect, the finding may mean that “women with PMS should be screened for adverse changes in blood pressure and future risk of hypertension,” wrote a team led by Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, an epidemiologist at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

The investigators tracked nearly 1,260 women who developed clinically significant PMS between 1991 and 2005, as well as more than 2,400 women with mild PMS. Both groups were followed until 2011.

Women with moderate-to-severe PMS were 40 percent more likely to develop high blood pressure than those with mild or no PMS symptoms, the researchers found.

This higher risk remained after the researchers adjusted for high blood pressure risk factors such as being overweight or obese, smoking, drinking, inactivity, use of birth control pills, postmenopausal hormone use, and family history of high blood pressure.

The link between moderate-to-severe PMS and high blood pressure was strongest among women younger than 40, Bertone-Johnson’s group said. In this age group, those with clinically significant PMS were three times more likely to develop high blood pressure.

“To

Adults With This May Face Higher Stroke Risk

Adults who were born with heart defects are at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds.

“We knew there was a connection between heart failure and stroke in patients with heart defects, but we were surprised to discover it was the strongest predictor,” said senior study author Dr. Ariane Marelli, a professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal.

However, the study did not prove that heart defects cause stroke.

For the study, researchers looked at stroke rates among more than 29,000 adults born with heart defects, and compared them with rates among people in the general population of the province of Quebec, Canada.

Those with heart defects were nine to 12 times more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain) before age 55. In addition, they were two to four times more likely to have this type of stroke between the ages of 55 and 64, the investigators found.

The strongest predictors of ischemic strokes in adults with heart defects were heart failure, diabetes and recent heart attacks, the study authors said.

In addition, adults born with heart defects were five to six times more likely to have a bleeding (“hemorrhagic”) stroke before age 55, and two to three

Breastfeeding May Lower This Risk for Some Women

New research suggests another potential benefit for moms who breast-feed — a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The study found that breast-feeding for more than two months was linked to around a 50 percent reduction in the odds of developing type 2 diabetes for mothers who had already experienced gestational diabetes in the past. And the longer women breast-fed, the lower the odds of type 2 diabetes, the study said.

“The main policy implication is that we need to focus our breast-feeding promotion efforts to high-risk women, those who are obese or have a pregnancy with gestational diabetes,” said study author Erica Gunderson, a senior research scientist with Kaiser Permanente Northern California.

However, this study did not show that breast-feeding caused a lower risk of type 2 diabetes; it only found an association between these factors.

The results were published online Nov. 23 in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

Gunderson’s team followed more than 900 women two years after they had gestational diabetes during pregnancy and gave birth. During this time, 12 percent of them developed type 2 diabetes, the study reported.

How the women fed their babies was categorized into five groups: exclusive breast-feeding, exclusive formula feeding, mostly breast-feeding (less than 6

Can Loneliness Shorten Your Life

Being lonely can trigger cellular changes in your body that increase your chances of getting ill and not living as long as you could have, according to a new study.

The risk applies to older people, past research suggests.

A leading charity for people over 60 in the United Kingdom says the findings underline the importance of treating loneliness as a major health problem.

In the new study, researchers from the University of Chicago and the University of California found that loneliness can trigger the body’s fight-or-flight response, which can affect the production of white blood cells and eventually undermine the immune system.

They based their research on 141 older people enrolled in a U.S. study on aging and social relations, and on an examination of lonely rhesus macaque monkeys, a highly social species of primates.

The researchers say that, in essence, lonely people have a weaker immune system and higher levels of inflammation than people who aren’t lonely. Their health is also more vulnerable because they feel threatened.

The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“Contrary to what many people think, loneliness is not a normal part of aging, and it not only makes life miserable, it can have a

Young Women Face Risk After Heart Attack, Stroke

Young women who survive a heart attack or stroke may not be out of danger once they recover, European researchers say.

These women could continue to face drastically increased risk of death — or another heart attack or stroke — for a long time after their initial life-threatening illness, according to a new study published Nov. 23 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

“Our results show that the increase in risk is persistent over a long time, making it even more clear that women should keep their regular checkups and try to maintain a healthy lifestyle, even if their first event was years ago,” said co-author Bob Siegerink, group leader of epidemiology at the Charite Center for Stroke Research in Berlin, Germany.

Overall death rates are 3.7 times higher in women who’ve had a heart attack and 1.8 times higher in women who’ve had a stroke, compared with healthy women, researchers found.

Women who’ve had a heart attack will have a 20-times increased risk of a second heart attack, and a tripled risk of a first stroke, according to findings.

At the same time, female stroke victims will have an 18-fold increased risk of another stroke and an almost six times greater risk of a first heart